How Do You Catch Bacterial Pneumonia?

How do you know if you have viral or bacterial pneumonia?

Often viral cases of pneumonia begin as congestion and cough with or without fever in the first few days.

When a doctor listens to the lungs and finds breathing sounds are not clear on either side of the chest, a viral cause over bacterial is even more highly suspected..

How long does it take to recover from bacterial pneumonia?

How do you treat bacterial pneumonia? Most cases can be treated at home, with medications, to prevent complications from a hospital setting. A healthy person may recover within one to three weeks. Someone with a weakened immune system may take longer before they feel normal again.

How long does it take for bacterial pneumonia to develop?

Hospital-acquired pneumonia develops while in the hospital and occurs after at least 48 hours of being admitted. Most patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia are very ill, and they become colonized with a bacterium in their mouth and/or upper respiratory tract that then enters their lungs to cause infection.

What is worse viral or bacterial pneumonia?

Both Bacteria and Viruses Can Cause Pneumonia, But One Is Much Worse for the Heart. CHICAGO — Pneumonia caused by bacterial infections poses a much greater threat to the heart than pneumonia caused by viral infections, a new study suggests.

How do doctors know if viral or bacterial?

Your doctor often can diagnose you through a medical history and physical exam. The doctor may order blood or urine tests or a spinal culture to help pinpoint a viral or bacterial infection.

What does pneumonia feel like at first?

Early symptoms are similar to influenza symptoms: fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. Within a day or two, the symptoms typically get worse, with increasing cough, shortness of breath and muscle pain. There may be a high fever and there may be blueness of the lips.

How can bacterial pneumonia be prevented?

Besides getting shots, you can lower your risk of getting bacterial pneumonia by doing these things:Wash your hands regularly, especially after you go to the bathroom and before you eat.Eat right, with plenty of fruits and vegetables.Exercise.Get enough sleep.Quit smoking.Stay away from sick people, if possible.

What is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia?

Common Causes of Pneumonia A common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). However, clinicians are not always able to find out which germ caused someone to get sick with pneumonia.

Is bacterial pneumonia viral contagious?

Bacterial and viral forms of pneumonia are contagious. However, pneumonia caused by the inhalation of chemical irritants, fungi, or aspiration pneumonia (inhaling food or liquid) is not contagious. Contagious varieties of pneumonia are transmitted from person to person through airborne particles.

What is the best antibiotic for bacterial pneumonia?

The best initial antibiotic choice is thought to be a macrolide. Macrolides provide the best coverage for the most likely organisms in community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CAP). Macrolides have effective coverage for gram-positive, Legionella, and Mycoplasma organisms.

What happens if pneumonia is left untreated?

However, if left untreated, pneumonia can lead to serious complications, including an increased risk of re-infection, and possible permanent damage to your lungs. One complication from bacterial pneumonia is the infection can enter your blood stream and infect other systems in your body.

Can you catch pneumonia from someone who has it?

Pneumonia is transmitted when germs from the body of someone with pneumonia spread to another person. This can happen in a variety of ways, including: Inhaling the infection. This can occur when a person with pneumonia coughs or sneezes and another person inhales the infected particles.